JAMES MARTINEAU (1805 – 1900)

A Study of Religion: Its Sources and Contents

Volume I, Oxford: Clarendon Press


New York: Macmillan and Co., 1888


               The word ‘Religion’ is here used in the sense which it invariably bore half a century ago. … Understanding by ‘Religion’ belief in an Ever-living God that is, in a Divine Mind and Will ruling the Universe and holding moral relations with mankind. …  In the soul of Religion, the apprehension of truth and the enthusiasm of devotion inseparably blend: and in proportion as either is deserted by the other, the conditions of right judgment fail.  The state of mind in which they coexist may present itself under either of two forms….  If it be reached by reflection on the order of the physical and moral world, it is called ‘Natural Religion’; if it arises without conscious elaboration of thought, and is assigned to immediate communication from the Divine Spirit to the human, it is called ‘Supernatural Religion.’


[Submitted by James A. Santucci]